Institute of National Importance
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India is celebrating its 75th Independence today. In the last seven and half decades, not only India has fared forward phenomenally, but it has also etched an everlasting mark across the world in the field of Innovation, development and Leadership.
To understand the present fame it is necessary to look back in the past to know how the seeds for this limelight were sowed.
The Institutes of Higher Learning, established post-independence could be credited to the esteem that Indian enjoy today. Although, India is yet to achieve 100% Literary rate, but looking back, India has come up a long way, from 18% Literacy rate in 1951 to 73% recorded literacy in the last census of 2011.
These Institutes, have helped India to make a mark all over the world and are recognized by the Government of India as Institute of National Importance (INI).
As of July 2021, India has 161 Institutes of National Importance under various Acts of Parliament. These INIs include 23 IITs, 15 AIIMSs, 20 IIMs, 31 NITs, 25 IIITs, 7 IISERs, 7 NIPERs, 5 NIDs, 3 SPAs, 2 NIFTEMs, 5 Central universities, 4 Medical research institutes, and 14 other specialized institutes.
Let took a look at these INI in terms of Streams:
In the Architecture field, Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA) are recognized as Institutes of National Importance through the 'School of Planning and Architecture Act, 2014' and its subsequent amendments
The National Institutes of Design (NID) are one of the best institutes for students seeking higher education in the designing field.
Engineering and Technology
For the Engineering Steam, Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology(IIIT) and Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IEST) are recognized as the Insitute of National Importance.
National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) and Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) are recongined as Institutes of National Importance through the National Institutes of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management Act, 2021.
Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) are declared as Institutes of National Importance.
All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are declared as Institutes of National Importance
National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) are declared as Institutes of National Importance through the 'National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Act, 1998.
Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) are declared as Institutes of National Importance for it contribution in the field of Science and research.
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