Know More about Indian Judiciary: List of 10 High Courts of India and Their Establishment 
We all know that the Judiciary has the right to run the governance of any country smoothly.

From the organization of the judiciary, it directly tells you how much independence the public has in that country.

India is a democratic country and in such a way, it is mandatory to have an independent judiciary.

Let us tell you that the judiciary of India is very well-organized.

Courts ranging from top to bottom are completely related as well  as linked with each other.


Do you know that the judiciary of India has been done in accordance with England's judiciary, but the good things of other major countries have also been adopted here.


At the state level, the strongest judicial power lies in the High Court in the country.

There are 24 High Courts in the country and 1 High Court will be in operation from January 2019.

So in the coming year, the number of high courts in the country will be 25. Their jurisdiction is on a group of states, union territories or states.

 

The oldest High Court was established in Calcutta in 1862.

Civil and criminal lower courts and tribunals work under the High Court.

Let us tell you that all High Courts come under the Supreme Court of India.

But do you know how many high courts are located in India and where they are located. Let's study through this article.

 

List of 10 High Courts of India and Their Information

 

1. Chennai High Court

Established: 5 August 1862

Under which Act, the Indian High Court Act 1861 Jurisdiction: Pondicherry, Tamilnadu

Main bench: Chennai

Bench: Madurai

 

2. Bombay High Court

Date of establishment: 14 August 1862

Under which Act, the Indian High Court Act 1861

Jurisdiction: Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Maharashtra

Main bench: Mumbai

Bench: No

 

3.Kolkata High Court

Date of establishment: 2 July 1862

Under which Act, the Indian High Court Act 1861

Jurisdiction: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, West Bengal

Main bench: Kolkata

Bench: Gwalior, Indore

 

4.Allahabad High Court

Date of establishment: 11 June 1866

Under which Act, the Indian High Court Act 1861

Jurisdiction: Uttar Pradesh

Main Bench: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

 

5. Karnataka High Court

Establishment Date: 1884

Under which Act established: Mysore High Court Act, 1884

Jurisdiction: Karnataka

Main Bench: Bangalore

Bench: No                                    

 

6.Patna High Court

Date of establishment: September 2, 1916

Under which Act, the patent issued by the Crown Patent

Jurisdiction: Bihar

Main bench: Patna

Bench: No

 

7. Jammu and Kashmir High Court

Date of establishment: 28 August 1928

Under which Act, the patent issued by the Maharaja Kashmir then?

Jurisdiction: Jammu and Kashmir

Main Bench: Srinagar / Jammu

Bench: No


8. Madhya Pradesh High Court


Established: 2 January 1936

Under which Act were established: Government of India Act, 1935

Jurisdiction: Madhya Pradesh

Main bench: Jabalpur

Bench: No

 

9. Punjab and Haryana High Court

Date of installation: 15 August 1947

Under which Act were established: Punjab High Court Ordinance, 1947

Jurisdiction: Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab

Main bench: Chandigarh

Bench: Jaipur


 

10. Odisha High Court

Establishment Date: 3 April 1948

Under which Act, the Ordinance of the Orissa High Court, 1948

Jurisdiction: Odisha

Main bench: Cuttack

Bench: No