These days everyone must be aware of a noise raising against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC).
Only a few citizens in our country are aware of these terms while many people even don’t know what CAA or NRC stands for.
Do you know What is CAA? or What is NRC?, Do you know what amendments the government is proposing?
Through this article, you will get to know all about these terms in detail. Also, the candidates preparing for government jobs examination should go through the article to enhance their general awareness.
What is the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)?
Before studying about Citizenship Amendment Act, we should be aware of the Indian Citizenship Act which defines Indian Citizenship.
The Indian Citizenship Act came into existence w.e.f. December 30, 1955.
The conferment of a person as a citizen of India is governed by Articles 5 to 11 (Part II) of the Constitution of India. These are five ways for any person to become a citizen of India:
- Citizenship by birth
- Citizenship by descent
- Citizenship by registration
- Citizenship by naturalization
- Citizenship by incorporation
The President of India is termed the First Citizen of India. Earlier the Citizenship Act 1955, has been amended by the Citizenship (Amendment) Acts of 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015 and now in 2019.
The Citizenship act prohibited illegal immigrants as citizens of other countries who entered India without valid travel documents, or who remained in the country beyond the period permitted by their travel documents.
The Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 provides a path to Indian citizenship for Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities fleeing persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. While the Muslims were not given such eligibility.
What is the National Register of Citizens (NRC)?
The National Register of Citizens consists of the records of Indian citizens. The creation of NRC is mandatory according to the Citizenship Act 1955 as amended in 2003. Due to the problems of illegal immigration NRC is necessary to maintain by the country.
The National Register of Indian Citizens is prepared by carrying throughout the country. It requires house-to-house enumeration for collection of specified particulars relating to each family and individual, residing in a local area including the Citizenship status.
The particulars collected of every family and individual in the Population Register is verified and scrutinized by the Local Registrar.
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